At J & J Optical we can dispense all kinds of prescriptions, including those requiring high index or specialised lens types. John and Jason have many decades of experience between them, and John is a qualified optical dispenser.
Types of Prescription lenses
The main types of prescription lenses include single vision lenses, bifocal lenses, multifocal lenses, extended focus occupational lenses, polarised prescription & tinted sunglasses lenses.
Single vision lenses
These are the most common type of prescription lenses. They may be used in reading glasses, driving glasses or computer glasses. If you are under forty, this is most likely the type of lens that you would require to correct your vision.
First designed by Benjamin Franklin, these lenses have two different prescriptions separated by a line in the lens. The most common use for these is to have your distance prescription in the top of the lens and your reading prescription in the bottom segment. On most bifocals, you can clearly see the line separating the two prescriptions.
These lenses have multiple prescriptions of different focus incorporated into a single lens. There is no visible line separating the different focal areas. They are also called graduated or progressive lenses. The lens wearers distance prescription is set at their normal viewing position, this blends into an intermediate zone below this, and the reading area is at the bottom of the lens.
Early multifocal lenses were difficult to get used to due to lots of visual distortion at the lens edge, and only a small area of clear vision. Newer designs have sort to reduce the peripheral distortion and increase the areas of clear vision within the lens.
At J & J Optical we recommend the use of FreeForm designed multifocal lenses. FreeForm is a computer designed and digital surfacing process and is the latest technology in multifocal lens manufacturing. Similar to Laser eye Surgery, lenses made from FreeForm digital surfacing are manufactured using Wavefront Physics. This matches the lens to a person’s prescription and the shape of the frame they have chosen, providing a clearer image and a wider field of view.
Benefits of Free Form multifocal lenses
- Wider areas of clear vision
- Provide better control of image distortion
- Less peripheral distortion
- Lenses are specifically manufactured to match the patient’s prescription and the frame shape
- Easier for first time multifocal wearers to adapt
Extended Focus Occupational lenses
Extended focus lenses are designed to be used for reading and computer work. Single vision reading glasses are often set at a distance of 30 to 40cm away from the eyes. Most computer screens are positioned 50 to 60cm from the eyes. This often requires a different prescription to focus at that distance. Instead of having a pair of glasses for reading and an additional pair of glasses for the computer, there is the option of having the reading and computer prescription combined into one extended focus lens.
Extended focus lenses contain the reading prescription in the lower segment and blend into an intermediate distance prescription in the top of the lens. Most people will need to take them off to walk around.
Prescription Sunglass lenses
There are two main types of prescription sunglass lenses – tinted lenses and polarised lenses. We recommend polarised lenses for most of our patients, as they offer better glare protection and reduce light reflection from surfaces such as the water, the road, and car windscreens. Polarized sunglass lenses also provide superior glare reduction for outdoor activities such as fishing, sport, and going to the beach.
Previously, it was difficult to do prescription sunglass lenses into many of the fashion or wrap sunglass frames. New lens grinding technology allows us to put prescription lenses into these frames and reduce the peripheral distortion caused by the curve of the lens and frame.
Transitions lenses are light intelligent lenses that darken in response to visible light. As the sun brightens, lenses darken. As the sun sets, lenses lighten. When indoors, lenses are clear. Transitions can be incorporated into most type of prescription lens for added convenience, saving you from having to switch between clear prescription lenses and prescription sunglasses. Transitions come in a variety of tints from brown and grey to blue and amber shades.
Scratch Resistant Coatings & Multicoats
At J & J Optical we now offer Diamond Finish Coatings on selected lenses. These coatings are anti-reflective, water repellent, dirt & oil repellent and highly scratch resistant. Multicoat technology has improved dramatically in recent years – lenses are clearer and more scratch resistant than ever before.